What are some advantages and disadvantages of Asynchronous Learning?

Listed below are some pros of Asynchronous Instruction as well as some cons and some Best Practices solutions.

Asynchronous Instruction

Contact time with students can be achieved through asynchronous instruction. Discussion boards, videos, recorded lectures, quizzes, readings, and assignments all constitute instruction time. Asynchronous teaching allows faculty to prepare course materials ahead of time and make them available for students to access on their own time. Instructors may still designate a particular time window during which students are expected to access, review, and engage with particular asynchronous material.


  • -Asynchronous teaching allows faculty to prepare and deliver material in a more controlled environment (for example: recording, re-recording, or editing lectures), while not simultaneously monitoring questions from students.
  • -Asynchronous content allows students greater temporal flexibility to access content and to pause and revisit content as often as needed, possibly increasing engagement with and retention of the material.


  • -Students may feel less engaged by asynchronous content, and thus have lower levels of comprehension.
    Best Practice Solutions
    Asynchronous lectures should always be broken up into smaller 5-10 minute recordings to increase engagement and to decrease the risk of technical difficulty in recording. Instructors should build engagement mechanisms into asynchronous teaching. For example, some instructors require students to comment at particular points in their lectures (using the Canvas Studio tool or VoiceThread) or even to create their own slides (using VoiceThread) or videos (using Canvas Studio).
  • -Asynchronous delivery of content increases the possibility that the material may be misunderstood by students.
    Best Practice Solutions
    Instructors may include comprehension quizzes, self-assessments, or responses as components of asynchronous assignments. Students may engage with asynchronous material via the Discussions tool within Canvas. Many instructors hold synchronous sessions to review material which students initially encountered asynchronously.


Article ID: 1580
Tue 1/19/21 10:07 PM
Thu 6/3/21 11:31 AM